SSLC-English Medium Malayalam Notes

SSLC Focus area Exam Pattern (English Medium )

Question Pattern for SSLC 2021 with Focus Areas

Education Department yet to finalize the question pattern for SSLC exam 2021. As per the details available now, all questions will have options. For the 40 mark examination, will provide you with questions for 80 marks, from that 75% of questions will be taken from Focus Areas. I.e., 60 mark questions will come from focus areas. Students will get the option to answer all the questions. If you get more than 40 marks, it will be considered 40/40, i.e., 100%.

The same pattern applies to subjects with 80 marks also. With the options, 160 mark questions will be asked, which will take 120 mark questions from the focus areas.

Its means were concentrating on the focus areas, and you can secure 100% marks in the upcoming SSLC examinations.

MALAYALAM I & II Important Portions for SSLC Exam 2021

Malayalam Important Topics for SSLC 2021

Arabic Important Portions for SSLC Exam 2021

Arabic Important Topics for SSLC 2021

Sanskrit Important Portions for SSLC Exam 2021

Sanskrit Important Topics for SSLC 2021

Urdu Important Portions for SSLC Exam 2021

Urdu Important Topics for SSLC 2021

ENGLISH Important Portions for SSLC Exam 2021

English Important Topics for SSLC 2021

HINDI Important Portions for SSLC Exam 2021
Hindi Important Topics for SSLC 2021

SOCIAL SCIENCE Important Portions for SSLC Exam 2021

Unit NameFocus Areas
Revolutions that
influenced the world.
American War of Independence.
French Revolution.
Russian Revolution
Struggle and Freedom.Early struggles of Gandhiji.
Non-Cooperation movement and Khilafat
Poorna Swaraj and Civil Disobedience
The British Quit India.
Subhash Chandra Bose.
India After IndependenceIntegration of Princely states.
Achievement in the field of Science and
The Foreign Policy of India.,
Seasons and TimeApparent movement of the sun and seasons.
Rotation, Time calculation, Greenwich Mean
Time (GMT), Standard Time, Indian Standard
Time (IST), International Date Line.
India is the land of
Himalaya, Trans Himalaya, Eastern High Land.
Importance of Northern Mountain Range.
Himalayan Rivers.
Peninsular Rivers.
Peninsular Plateau.
Eastern coastal plain.
Western coastal plain.
Map (mountains, rivers, plateaus
Public AdministrationPublic Administration and its significance.
Bureaucracy and it’s features.
Indian Civil Service.
Human resource
Human Resource
Qualitative features of Human resource
Education and Human resource development.
Health, Human resource development.

PHYSICS Important Portions for SSLC Exam 2021

Unit NameFocus Areas
1.     Effect of electric currentEnergy change in electrical instruments
Heating effect of electric current
Jule’s Law
Electric power
Related mathematical problems
Electric heating instruments
Safety fuse
Parallel and series combination of resistance and related problems
light effect of electric current
Filament lamps
2.    Magnetic effect of electric currentMagnetic field around a current carrying conductor
Right hand thump rule
Magnetic field around a solenoid- magnetic polarity
Factors affecting the strength of the magnetic field
Motor principle
working of a DC motor
Moving coil loudspeaker- Structure and working.
3. Electromagnetic inductionElectromagnetic induction
Factors affecting induced emf
Currents in AC generator
DC generator and cell- characteristics and a graphical representation
AC and DC generator-Structure and working
Mutual induction
Transformers-Structure and working
Moving coil microphone
Power transmission in high voltage.
Electric shock-Safety precautions and first aid.
4. Reflection of lightReflection
Laws of reflection
Characters of image formed in concave mirror and convex mirror
Mirror equation
Magnification and related problems
New Cartesian sign convention
5. Refraction of lightRefraction
Relation between optical density and speed of light
Total internal reflection
Lenses- technical terms
Image formation
Ray diagrams
Characters of image.
6. Vision and the world of coloursDispersion
Recombination of colours
the formation of the rainbow
the persistence of vision
Scattering of light
the relation between wavelength of colours and scattering.
7. Energy sourcesFossil fuels-coal
LPG and safety
green energy
brown energy
Energy crisis- reasons and solutions

CHEMISTRY Important Portions for SSLC Exam 2021

Unit NameFocus Areas
1. Periodic table and
Electronic configuration
Shells and subshells
The number of electrons in the subshells
Filling of electrons in the subshells
Peculiarity of the electronic configuration of chromium (Cr) and Copper (Cu)
Subshell electronic configuration and blocks
The period and group can be found on the basis of subshell electronic configuration
Group number of s block elements
P block elements
d block elements
Characteristics of d block elements
2. Gas laws and mole
The relation between Volume and pressure
The relation between Volume and temperature
Gram atomic mass
One mole atoms
Molecular mass and Gram Molecular Mass
Number of molecules
One mole molecules
3. Reactivity series and

Reactivity series and displacement reaction
Galvanic cell
Electrolytic cells
Electrolysis of molten Sodium chloride
Minerals and ores
Concentration of ores
Extraction of metals from the concentrated ores
Refining of metals
Industrial production of iron
4. Production of metals Minerals and ores
Concentration of ores
Extraction of metals from the concentrated ores
Refining of metals
Industrial production of iron
5. Compounds of non-metalsAmmonia
Reversible and irreversible reactions
Chemical equilibrium
Le Chatelier’s principle
Influence of concentration on equilibrium
Pressure and equilibrium
Temperature and equilibrium
6. Nomenclature of organic
compounds and isomerism
Alkane, Alkene, Alkyne
Homologous series
Nomenclature of unbranched hydrocarbons Nomenclature of hydrocarbons containing one branch
7. Chemical Reaction of Organic CompoundsSubstitution reaction
Addition reaction
Polymerization – Combustion of hydrocarbons
Thermal Cracking

BIOLOGY Important Portions for SSLC Exam 2021

Unit Name`Focus Areas
Sensations and ResponsesA nerve cell or neuron- diagram, functions of dendrite, dendron, axon, axonite, synaptic knob.
Peculiarities and functions of motor nerve, sensory nerve, and mixed nerves .
Brain-diagram, functions of cerebrum, cerebellum,
medulla oblongata, thalamus, hypothalamus
Causes and symptom  of Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and Epilepsy
Windows of KnowledgeEye – diagram, peculiarities and functions of cornea,
retina, iris, pupil, yellow spot, blind spot, optic nerve.
Rod cell and cone cell- pigments and functions.
Flow chart : Sense of vision.
Causes and symptoms of night blindness, xerophthalmia, colour blindness.
Steps in the process of recognizing of taste and smell.
Chemical Messages for
Role of insulin and glucagon in maintaining blood
glucose level, cause and symptoms of diabetes.
Role of calcitonin and parathormone in maintaining blood calcium level.
Causes and symptoms of dwarfism, gigantism,
Pheromones – functions, and examples.
Natural plant hormones and their functions (Auxin, gibberellin, ethylene, abscisic acid).
Keeping Diseases awayTuberculosis, AIDS, Malaria-causative organisms,
symptoms, mode of transmission.
Genetic diseases-Hemophilia
Cancer-causes and treatment
Soldiers of DefenseImportance of skin (Epidermis, sweat gland,
sebaceous gland) and secretions (Ear wax., mucus, lysozyme, Hydrochloric acid)  in body defense mechanism.
Stages of phagocytosis.
Fever -flow chart.
Importance of  vaccination, working of vaccine, examples of vaccine.
Antibiotic, side effects.
Blood groups and their antigen and antibody.
Points to be taken care of before blood transfusion.
Unravelling Genetic MysteriesDifferentiate the structure of DNA and RNA.
Process of protein synthesis
Genetic mysteries behind determination of sex in child
Genetics of the FutureInsulin production through genetic engineering.
Role of genetic scissors, genetic glue, vectors in
genetic engineering.
Scope of DNA finger printing.
The Paths Traversed by lifeChemical evolution theory, chemical reactions which
leads to origin of cell.
Main points of natural selection theory by Charles

MATHS Important Portions for SSLC Exam 2021

Unit NameFocus Areas
Arithmetic sequenceArithmetic sequence concept.
Term and position.
Algebraic form of arithmetic sequence.
Sum of first n term.
Sum of terms
(Except algebraic form )
CirclesAngle in the semicircle.
Angle formed by sector.
Cyclic quadrilateral.
Two chords AB and BC interesting a point
through P, PA × PB= PC × PD.
PA × PB= PC.
Square with equal area of Rectangle.
Mathematics of ChanceDefining chance mathematically
Second Degree EquationForming second degree Equation.
Squaring problems related area and
perimeter of rectangles.
Solving second degree equations.
(square completion method)
Trigonometry Triangles with angles
45°,45°,90°; 30°,60°,90°
New measure of angles (sine, cosine)
Distance and heights (questions related to
45°, 45°, 90°; 30°, 60°,90 only)
CoordinatesConcept related to coordinate axis,
coordinate numbers.
Defining position of points using
coordinate numbers.
Co-ordinates of vertexes of rectangle
where sides are parallel to axis.
Distance between points.
TangentsConcept tangent
Tangent through a point on a circle
chord and tangent
Tangents from a point outside the circle
Coordinates and
Coordinate points of midpoint
Slope of a line
PolynomialsIf P(x)=q(x) × r(x) then q(x) and r(x) are
factors of P(x)
(x-a) is a factor of P(x) −P(a)
StatisticsMean and Median of un grouped data

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